By the time you’re 4 weeks pregnant, you can usually get a clear positive on a urine pregnancy test. It’s a strange thing, but your egg may have only been fertilized in the last two weeks. The date for pregnancy begins with the start of your last menstrual period.
By entering this date into a due date calculator, you can estimate the day your infant might enter the world. Try this pregnancy quiz to get more information.
Changes in your body
- Your baby has just implanted into your uterine lining. Your body is now beginning the incredible series of changes that will transpire over the next 36 weeks.
- One of the earliest physical signs you’ll experience is a missed period. This indicates that your progesterone levels are taking over your hormonal balance to sustain your pregnancy.
- As your baby develops, your body will produce more and more human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). This hormone is present in your blood as soon as 7 to 11 days after conception. It comes from the cells that eventually turn into the placenta.
- Development this week is rapid. Around half of these cells will become an embryo the size of a poppy seed by the week’s end.
- The size may sound impossibly small, but what’s even wilder is that many of your child’s characteristics, such as eye colour, hair colour, sex, and more, have already been determined through its chromosomes.
4 weeks pregnant symptoms
At this beginning, you might not notice much maintaining your body. Some women don’t know that they’re pregnant for weeks if they aren’t keeping close track of their menstrual cycles or if their cycles tend to be irregular.
On the other hand, by week 4 of your pregnancy you may experience the following:
- breast tenderness
- frequent urination
- a heightened sense of taste or smell
- food cravings or aversions
Overall, the symptoms in week 4 often mimic your normal premenstrual symptoms. Much so that many women swear their periods will start at any moment.
Here are some home remedies for common early pregnancy symptoms:
- To relieve sore breasts, wear a supportive bra during the day and to bed if it helps.
- Try taking a catnap in the afternoon if you feel sluggish. Exercise can also give you a much-needed boost of energy.
- If you’re finding yourself in the bathroom too often, you may want to moderate your liquid consumption. Don’t cut back too much, though, because you need the hydration now more than ever.
- Nausea is uncommon in the early stage, but if you do experience it, try eating small, frequent meals and avoiding foods that trigger sickness. Many women find relief while snacking on carbohydrates and tart foods.
Things to do this week for a healthy pregnancy
- Once your pregnancy test turns positive, you’ll want to call your doctor or midwife to set up your first prenatal appointment. If the due date is far in the future, don’t worry. Most women are seen for the first time around week 8.
- Depending on your healthcare provider’s protocol, you may also need to head into the office to have some preliminary blood work. This will confirm your pregnancy and check your hormone levels.
- Even in week 4, it’s never too early to start healthy habits. Try eating whole foods, avoiding smoking and alcohol, and, if you aren’t already, start taking a prenatal vitamin.
- Exercise: is also a great way to ease pregnancy symptoms and keep your body and baby healthy. Typically any activity you were doing before pregnancy is safe to continue in the first trimester. For vigorous exercise, you may want to speak with your doctor about certain changes that might be necessary.
When to call the doctor
While you shouldn’t worry, it’s important to know that miscarriage rates are high in early pregnancy. Researchers estimate that up to 20 per cent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage, many of which happen around the time a woman expects her period to start.
At week 4, miscarriage is called a chemical pregnancy since the embryo cannot be detected on ultrasound, only through blood and urine testing.
If you experience these symptoms, don’t necessarily fear the worst. In other words, not all blood means miscarriage is imminent.
The best way to gauge what’s going on is to keep an eye on yourself and speak with your doctor about the symptoms you’re experiencing.
The first weeks can seem like a difficult waiting game. Each woman and each pregnancy is unique. Your first resource should be your healthcare provider if you ever have questions or concerns during pregnancy. They’re used to frequent calls and even silly questions, so ask away
Once your pregnancy test turns positive, you’ll want to call your doctor or midwife to set up your first prenatal appointment.
This will confirm your pregnancy and check your hormone levels. Exercise: is also a great way to ease pregnancy symptoms and keep your body and baby healthy. Typically any activity you were doing before pregnancy is safe to continue in the first trimester. Each woman and each pregnancy is unique.