Diet of diabetes and kidney is one of the most important treatments in managing diabetes and kidney disease. If you’ve been diagnosed with kidney disease as a result of diabetes, you’ll need to work with a dietitian to create an eating plan that’s right for you.
This plan will help manage your blood glucose levels and reduce the amount of waste and fluid your kidneys process.
Which nutrients do I need to regulate?
Your dietitian will give you nutritional guidelines that tell you how much protein, fat, and carbohydrate of diabetes and kidneys you can eat, as well as how much potassium, phosphorus and sodium you can have each day. Because your diet needs to be lower in these minerals, you’ll limit or avoid certain foods, while planning your meals.
Portion control is also important. Talk to your dietitian regarding tips for accurately measuring a serving size. What may be measured as one serving on a regular diet may count as three servings on the kidney diet.
Your doctor and dietitian will also recommend you eat meals and snacks of the same size and calorie/carbohydrate content at certain times of the day to keep your blood glucose at an even level. .It’s important to check blood glucose levels often and share the results with your doctor.
What can I eat?
Below is an example of food choices that are usually recommended on a typical renal diabetic diet. This list is based on sodium, potassium, phosphorus and high sugar content of foods included. Ask your dietitian if you can have any of these listed foods and make sure you know what the recommended serving size should be.
Milk and nondairy
|Skim or fat-free milk, non-dairy creamer, plain yoghurt, sugar-free yoghurt, sugar-free pudding, sugar-free ice cream, sugar-free nondairy frozen desserts*
*Portions of dairy products are often limited to 4 ounces due to high protein, potassium or phosphorus content
|Chocolate milk, buttermilk, sweetened yoghurt, sugar-sweetened pudding, ice cream, nondairy frozen desserts|
Bread and starches
|White, wheat, rye, sourdough, whole wheat and whole grain bread, unsweetened, refined dry cereals, cream of wheat, grits, malt-o-meal, noodles, white or whole wheat pasta, rice, bagel (small), hamburger bun, unsalted crackers, cornbread (made from scratch), flour tortilla||Bran bread, frosted or sugar-coated cereals, instant cereals, bran or granola, gingerbread, pancake mix, cornbread mix, biscuits, salted snacks including potato chips, corn chips and crackers Whole wheat cereals like wheat flakes and raisin bran, oatmeal, and whole-grain hot cereals contain more phosphorus and potassium than refined products.|
Balancing Diabetes and the Kidney Diet
If you have diabetes and are on dialysis, you may feel lost when it comes to your diet. About half of the people on dialysis have diabetes. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease, so you are definitely not alone!
The first step in managing diabetes is balancing your carbohydrates. Carbohydrates (or “carbs”) are foods that turn into sugar when you digest them. Any carbohydrate food will raise your blood sugar. Complex carbohydrates raise sugar more slowly (it takes your body longer to digest and absorb these), while simple carbohydrates can raise your sugar level more quickly.
Along with more obvious sugars like candy and chocolate, many other foods contain carbs, like milk products, bread, cereal, fruit and some vegetables (corn and potatoes). Everyone needs some carbs, since the sugars they provide help power many body functions. If you have diabetes, your body can’t process a large number of carbs at once.
Example Carbohydrate Servings
- serving = 15g carbs
- Bread – 1 slice
- Dry cereal (unsweetened)– ¾ cup
- Hot cereal (oatmeal, grits, etc.) – ½ cup cooked
- Pasta – ½ cup
- Rice –1/3 cup
- Corn – ½ cup
- Apple, peach, pear – 1 small
- Canned fruit (unsweetened) – ½ cup
- Apple or pineapple juice – ½ cup
Eating a good meal is necessary for your body if you notice that too many chunk foods can cause a lot of sugar in your body. Try to limit the ways you eat unnecessary food, It can keep your body to stay fit.
Most you are advised to see your medical doctor check your health status, for proper treatment medication of the body.